John Bell Hood was a U.S. military officer who served as a Confederate general during the Civil War (1861-65). A graduate of West Point, Hood joined the Confederacy in 1861 and gained a reputation as a talented field commander during the Peninsula Campaign and the Second Battle of Bull Run in 1862. Hood served as a division commander at the Battles of Antietam and Fredericksburg, and lost a leg and the use of one of his arms after being severely wounded at the Battles of Gettysburg and Chickamauga in 1863. Promoted to full general in 1864, Hood served in independent command over the Army of Tennessee during the Atlanta Campaign. His aggressive tactics ultimately proved futile against William T. Sherman’s larger Union force, and Hood later suffered a series of bitter defeats during the Franklin-Nashville Campaign in late 1864. After the Civil War Hood worked as a cotton broker and insurance agent in Louisiana. He died in 1879 at the age of 48.