Winfield Scott Hancock (1824-1886) was a U.S. Army officer and politician who served as a Union general during the Civil War (1861-65). Widely recognized as one of the war’s most brilliant commanders, Hancock served at the Battles of Williamsburg, Antietam and Chancellorsville before assuming command of the Army of the Potomac’s II Corps in May 1863. His finest moment came in July 1863 during the Battle of Gettysburg, when he commanded the Union center and repulsed the Confederate assault known as Pickett’s Charge. He later participated in Ulysses S. Grant’s Overland Campaign and saw extensive action at the Battles of the Wilderness and Spotsylvania Court House as well as the Siege of Petersburg. After the war Hancock served in a series of departmental commands for the U.S. Army. He ran as the democratic candidate for president in 1880, but narrowly lost the election to Republican James A. Garfield.