Douglas Haig (1861-1928) was a top British military leader during World War I. A graduate of the Royal Military College at Sandhurst, Haig fought in the Sudan War and the South African War. Named commander of the 1st Army in 1915, he went on to become commander in chief of the British Expeditionary Force and then field marshal. Known for his strategy of attrition, Haig’s offensives at the Battles of Somme and Passchendaele resulted in large numbers of casualties, though his efforts helped to wear down the German army. After the war, Haig organized the British Legion and was named an earl.